Who is eligible for council housing?
The council can’t allow you onto its housing waiting list if:
- you are not eligible, or
- they have decided to treat you as ineligible because of serious unacceptable behaviour.
Most people who are living in the UK permanently are eligible, but there are some exceptions.
Being eligible for council housing doesn’t mean that you are guaranteed to be offered a place. It means that you are entitled to be considered for a home and to go on the waiting list. In many areas, there is very little housing available, so there is often a very long wait, and some people may never get an offer.
Are people from abroad eligible?
Only certain people from abroad are eligible for council housing. The rules are very complicated if you are not a UK citizen and your rights will depend on your immigration status. The council may contact the Home Office’s UK Visa and Immigration Centre if there is any doubt about your status, so you should always get specialist advice before you apply.
People who are subject to immigration control
If you are subject to immigration control you do not qualify for council housing in Wales, unless:
- you have refugee status
- you have exceptional leave to remain in the UK, and your leave doesn’t state that you should have ‘no recourse to public funds’
- you are habitually resident in the UK and your leave was granted without any conditions
- you have humanitarian protection
- you are an Afghan citizen who has served the UK Government, or
- you have limited leave to remain in the UK on the grounds of ‘respect for family or private life’ under Article 8 of the Human Rights Convention and your leave doesn’t state that you should have ‘no recourse to public funds’.
People who are not subject to immigration control
If you are a person from abroad who is not subject to immigration control, you do qualify for council housing in Wales if:
- you are a classed as a ‘worker’ (or are a member of a worker’s family)
- you are self employed (or a member of family of someone who is self-employed)
- you, or a member of your family, have the right to stay here for other reasons
People from the European Economic Area (EEA) whose only right to reside in the UK is as a jobseeker, or who only have an initial right to reside for 3 months, are not eligible to apply for social housing. See our page on EU and EEA nationals for more information.
If you already have a secure, introductory or assured tenancy with a council or housing association, and are applying for a transfer, you are eligible regardless of your immigration status.
Immigration law is extremely complicated, so get advice before you apply if you are not sure of your status. Contact Shelter Cymru or visit the Housing Rights Information website for more advice.
Are UK citizens who have been living abroad eligible?
You may not be eligible to apply for council housing immediately if you have been living outside the UK, Eire, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man for a lengthy period. This is because councils can only provide housing for people who are classed as ‘habitually resident’. When they assess your application, the council will decide whether you are habitually resident, and will look at things like:
- where you live
- where you work
- where you have family or friends
- the reasons why you have come to live in the area
- where you intend to live in future
- whether you have been ‘habitually resident’ in the past.
If the council says that you’re not habitually resident, get advice. This decision could also affect your entitlement to benefits such as income support, jobseeker’s allowance and housing benefit, as well as your rights to housing. You may be able to challenge the decision but you may need help. The rules are complicated.
Can past behaviour be taken into account?
You may not be eligible to go on the housing register if the council decides that you, or any member of your household, have been guilty of unacceptable behaviour in the past. This may happen if the council decides that you have done something serious enough to make you unsuitable to be a council tenant.
When they assess your behaviour, the council can look at anything that would mean that, if you were a secure council tenant, they would be able to take you to court and get an outright possession order to evict you. This may be the case if:
- you have a history of serious rent arrears
- you have broken a tenancy agreement in the past
- you have caused nuisance or annoyance to your neighbours
- you have used a property for illegal or immoral purposes (such as drug dealing or prostitution)
- you have been guilty of domestic violence.
The council also has to be satisfied that it would be reasonable for a court to have made an outright possession order against you based on that behaviour.
If you, or a member of your household, has previously been convicted of:
- a serious criminal offence (includes violence, sexual offence and those relating to drugs)
- breached an anti-social behaviour order
- breached a criminal behaviour order, or
- breached a noise abatement notice
the council can decide that you have been guilty of unacceptable behaviour serious enough to make you unsuitable to be a tenant, and decide you are not eligible to go on the housing register.
It doesn’t matter if you were not actually a secure tenant of the council at the at the time of the behaviour.
In some cases, instead of deciding you are not eligible, the council may agree to put you on the housing register, but not give you any priority when deciding who to house.
What can I do if they say I am not eligible?
If you are in one of the situations outlined above, the council has no obligation to offer you a home.
The council should write to you explaining their decision and the reasons for it. They should also explain to you that you have a right to ask for the decision to be reviewed. They should explain it to you in person if they think that you might not be able to understand the decision.
Asking for a review of the decision
You can ask the council to look at your application again and review the decision. This might be worthwhile if you think your behaviour was not serious enough to mean you’re not eligible, or it happened so long ago that it shouldn’t count.
Always get advice if you want to ask for a review. An adviser can look into your situation and may be able to help you show the council that what happened was not your fault, was outside of your control, or was not serious enough to mean that they should decide you are not eligible. They may also be able to look into your immigration status in more detail.
Making a fresh application
You can make a new application for the housing register if your circumstances change. This may be worthwhile if:
- your immigration status changes after a time in the UK
- you have paid off past rent arrears, or
- you have not behaved in an unacceptable way for a long time, or the person guilty of that behaviour is no longer part of your household.
If the council do not let you apply again, then get advice.
Challenging the council by judicial review
If the council didn’t follow the correct legal procedure when they made a decision about your application, or when dealing with your review, then you might be able to challenge them in court by judicial review. For example, they may have ignored relevant information, such as how long you have been in the UK, or took things that shouldn’t affect their decision, such as non-housing debts, into account.
You will need specialist help from a solicitor if you want to challenge the council by judicial review.
Take a look at our page on challenging allocation decisions for more advice.
We are sorry that we cannot provide this information in Welsh, however if you would like to speak to an adviser in Welsh please contact 0345 075 5005.