Disrepair affecting health if you have a community landlord

  • Community landlords should ensure your home is not a risk to your health and safety
  • You might be able to take court action to get your landlord to remove the hazards in your home
  • You can complain to the ombudsman if your landlord or the council’s environmental health department don’t take your concerns seriously 

Health and safety standards in community landlord homes 

All community landlord homes must meet certain health and safety standards. If they fail to meet those standards the conditions could cause a hazard to your household. 

In situations like these, the environmental health department of your local council may be able to help. If not, you may be able take your landlord to court. 

Your home should also be fit to live in. To find out more, click here. 

The Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) 

If you are worried about conditions in your home, you can contact your local council’s environmental health department. 

The council can inspect your home and use the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) to assess if there are risks to your health and safety. 

The HHSRS looks at lots of different things, including: 

It covers problems in communal areas and outside spaces as well as problems inside the house. 

What should I do first? 

Before you take action, you should first report any problems to your landlord in writing, and allow a reasonable time for your landlord to fix them. The time needed will depend on the urgency of the problem. If the landlord does nothing, you could send a second letter, warning that you will contact the environmental health department if the work is not done by a certain deadline. 

Remember to keep a copy of any letter or email you send. 

What can the environmental health department do? 

If your landlord does not respond or deal with the problems, you can ask the council’s environmental health department to come out and inspect your home.

The inspection should happen quickly if there’s a serious risk of harm to you or your family. You might have to wait longer for an inspection at busy times of the year or if the disrepair problems are less urgent. 

If the environmental health officer decides that your home includes a serious hazard, they should take action. The action they can take depends on the type of community landlord you have: 

My landlord is the council 

If your landlord is the council, the environmental health department can only provide limited help. They can send a report or informal notice to your housing office telling them what work needs to be done. 

However, as part of the council they can’t take formal enforcement action against themselves. 

Use your landlord’s complaints procedure if the housing office won’t do the work that’s needed or doesn’t pay attention to the environment health report. If your landlord still does not resolve the issue/s you can complain to the Public Services Ombudsman for Wales. 

My landlord is a housing association 

If your landlord is a housing association, the environmental health department can take enforcement action against your landlord. They may order them to take action to tackle the problems in your home. They can do this by issuing: 

  • a hazard awareness notice – warning your landlord that the environmental health department of the council is aware of the problem 
  • an improvement notice – ordering your landlord to carry out certain repairs or improvements by a certain time. 

Use your housing association’s complaints procedure if they don’t do the work that’s needed. If the housing association still does not resolve the issue/s you should inform environmental health department. You can also complain to the ombudsman. 

What if the environmental health team won’t help me? 

If the environmental health department doesn’t take action, you may be able to: 

  • take the landlord to court yourself 
  • use your landlord’s complaints procedure 
  • complain to the Public Services Ombudsman for Wales 
  • challenge the environmental health department’s decision not to take action by complaining to the Public Services Ombudsman for Wales or by way of judicial review through the courts. 

Get help from Shelter Cymru if you are considering doing any of these things. 

Did you find this helpful?

Rydym yn ymddiheuro na fedrwn ddarparu’r wybodaeth yma yn Gymraeg, ond os hoffech siarad ag ymgynghorydd yn Gymraeg yna cysylltwch ar 08000 495 495.
We are sorry that we cannot provide this information in Welsh, however if you would like to speak to an adviser in Welsh please contact 08000 495 495.

This page was last updated on: February 16, 2023

Shelter Cymru acknowledges the support of Shelter in allowing us to adapt their content. The information contained on this site is updated and maintained by Shelter Cymru and only gives general guidance on the law in Wales. It should not be regarded or relied upon as a complete or authoritative statement of the law.